Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine and other organs in genetically predisposed people who consume dietary gluten. The disorder is caused by genetic and non-genetic factors. About 1 in 3 people who become sensitive to gluten are at risk for CD due to the celiac-associated genes they inherit – CD runs in families. Other factors influencing risk include gluten consumption, family history, and pre-existing autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren’s syndrome.
GlutenID tests all common gene variant combinations associated with increased risk of developing celiac disease. If none of these variants are detected the negative predictive value (NPV) for development or presence of celiac disease is > 99%.
Diarrhea, gas, bloating
Poor appetite and weight loss
Non-classic (More common than classic symptoms)
Skin rashes (dermatitis herpetiformis) and hair loss
Brain fog; depression
Celiac disease can be cured and prevented with a gluten free diet in genetically susceptible individuals.
GlutenID Test performance for celiac genetic health risk
Accuracy was determined to be 100% comparing NGS results with bi-directional Sanger sequencing.
Celiac disease is believed to have developed over 8,000 years ago when hunter/gatherers began encountering new types of food (including wheat) during the neolithic period agricultural revolution. However it wasn’t until the first century AD that a Greek physician named Aretaeus of Cappadocia identified the symptoms as a disease of the “koelia” or abdomen in Greek. Before the true trigger for celiac disease was identified many treatments and diets were tried, including strict rice, mussel, and even banana diets. It wasn’t until the 1970s-1990s that celiac disease was recognized as an autoimmune disease and genes were pinpointed.
First Century AD Greek physician who identified celiac disease.